Vaccines for Dogs

 

Core and non-core vaccines specific to Singapore’s context are covered here. For FAQs regarding vaccination check out this article.

Some brief and basic facts on vaccinations here:

  • There are core vaccinations and non-core. Core vaccinations are crucial while non-core depends on your dog’s risk of exposure.

  • Dosage and timing does matters so follow the schedule given to you.

  • Boosters may be necessary to ensure the protection lasts.

  • Vets give the best advice because they assess every dog based on individual medical history, lifestyle, environment etc.

Here’s the list of vaccines that can help your doggo ward off some potentially fatal illnesses, organised by age and necessity.

Just click to read the section relevant to your pet:

For dogs age 4 - 16 weeks

puppies need vaccinations

For dogs over 16 weeks

Dogs, regardless of age, need vaccinations

Core Vaccines for Dogs: Age 4 - 16 weeks

 
Canine Hepatitis

Spread via infected urine and faeces. Canine hepatitis can lead to serious liver damage and can be fatal.

Dosage & Age:

Minimum 3 doses given as early as 6 weeks.

Booster shots:

Puppies need a booster after 1 year of completing initial series. Subsequent boosters every 3 years or more often.

parvovirus

Contagious and causes severe vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. Potentially fatal.

Dosage & Age:

Given early as 6 weeks, then every 3-4 weeks till 16 weeks of age.

Booster shots:

Puppies need a booster after 1 year of completing initial series. Subsequent boosters every 3 years or more often.

Adenovirus Type 2 Kennel Cough

Spread via coughs and sneezes.

Dosage & Age:

Minimum 3 doses given as early as 6 weeks.

Booster shots:

Puppies need a booster after 1 year of completing initial series. Subsequent boosters every 3 years or more often.

distemper in dogs

Caused by an airborne virus. Effects are severe, including possible permanent brain damage.

Dosage & Age:

Minimum 3 doses given as early as 6 weeks.

Booster shots:

Puppies need a booster after 1 year of completing initial series. Subsequent boosters every 3 years or more often.

Non-core Vaccines for Dogs: Age 4 - 16 weeks

 
Bordetella

Not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies. It is usually seen after engaging in activities that encounter many other dogs e.g. boarding or showing.

Dosage & Age:

Depends on the vaccine type; 2 doses are usually required.

Booster shots:

Yearly or 6-month boosters may be recommended for dogs in high-risk environments e.g. show dogs.

parainfluenza

Not to be confused with canine influenza, this illness results in cough, fever. It may be associated with Bordetella infection.

Dosage & Age:

Around 2-3 doses. Given at 6-8 weeks of age, then every 3-4 weeks until 12-14 weeks old.

Booster shots:

A booster may be necessary after 1 year. Doing re-vaccination every 3 years is considered protective.

canine influenza

Similar to Bordetella. Not usually serious but can be dangerous in young puppies. High-risk activities or environments include dog shows and frequent boarding.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses. First dose as early as 6-8 weeks; second dose given 2-4 weeks later.

Booster shots:

Yearly.

rabies in puppies

Fatal when contracted. There is no treatment available yet.

*Singapore is rabies-free so this vaccine is not necessary for dogs here.

Only relevant for pet owners who intend to bring their dogs overseas (to countries which may not be rabies-free)

Dosage & Age:

Single dose given to puppies from 12 weeks old.

Booster shots:

Yearly or every 3 years depending on the type of vaccine used.

leptospirosis

Vaccination is generally restricted to established risk areas. Exposure to rodents and stagnant water can lead to an infection.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses. First dose from 8 weeks onwards, with a second dose given 2-4 weeks later.

Booster shots:

Yearly for dogs living in high-risk areas.

Core Vaccines for Dogs: Age over 16 weeks

 
Canine Hepatitis in Dogs

Spread via infected urine and faeces. Canine hepatitis can lead to serious liver damage and can be fatal.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Boosters every 3 years or more often.

parvovirus in dogs

Contagious and causes severe vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. Potentially fatal.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Boosters every 3 years or more often.

kennel cough in dogs

Spread via coughs and sneezes.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Boosters every 3 years or more often.

distemper in dogs

Caused by an airborne virus. Effects are severe, including possible permanent brain damage.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Boosters every 3 years or more often.

Non-core Vaccines for Dogs: Age over 16 weeks

 
bordetella in dogs

Not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies. It is usually seen after engaging in activities that encounter many other dogs e.g. boarding or showing.

Dosage & Age:

Via intranasal or oral - just 1 dose.

Via injections - total 2 doses.

Booster shots:

Yearly or 6-month boosters may be recommended for dogs in high-risk environments e.g. show dogs.

parainfluenza in dogs

Not to be confused with canine influenza, this illness results in cough, fever. It may be associated with Bordetella infection.

Dosage & Age:

Only 1 dose.

Booster shots:

A booster may be necessary after 1 year. Doing re-vaccination every 3 years is considered protective.

canine influenza in dogs

Similar to Bordetella. Not usually serious but can be dangerous in young puppies. High-risk activities or environments include dog shows and frequent boarding.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Yearly.

rabies in dogs

Fatal when contracted. There is no treatment available yet.

*Singapore is rabies-free so this vaccine is not necessary for dogs here.

Only relevant for pet owners who intend to bring their dogs overseas (to countries which may not be rabies-free)

Dosage & Age:

Only 1 dose.

Booster shots:

Yearly or every 3 years depending on the type of vaccine used.

leptospirosis in dogs

Vaccination is generally restricted to established risk areas. Exposure to rodents and stagnant water can lead to an infection.

Dosage & Age:

Total 2 doses, given 2-4 weeks apart.

Booster shots:

Yearly for dogs living in high-risk areas.

You may opt for a Titer Test first to check if your pet already has protection from some of these illnesses. How it works: Blood is drawn and measured for the existence and level of antibodies to the particular disease. Antibodies are produced when a virus or bacteria provokes a response from the immune system. So the presence and levels of antibodies will tell you if your pet has immunity. This means you can make an informed decision to vaccinate or not.

If you are still unsure about the vaccinations suitable for your dog, come and see our vets at Gaia.